Answered By: Steven Profit Last Updated: Sep 17, 2016 Views: 169374
This web page from the Borough of Manhattan Community College offers a side by side comparison with examples.
Primary sources enable researchers to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event and or time period. Examples include:
- ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS (excerpts or translations acceptable): Diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, news film footage, autobiographies, official records
- CREATIVE WORKS: Poetry, drama, novels, music, art
- RELICS OR ARTIFACTS: Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings
- Qualitative research
- focus groups
- participant observations
- Quantitative research
- controlled laboratory experiments
- field work
- this was really bad i have no idea what i was doing
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- This was kinda helpful and really helped me some sources and I don't think it was kinda accurate but it was close and it was some good information
- This is helpful, but very wordy so basically primary research is first hand accounts it could be interviews, eye witness accounts, places you go to for research like shops for research on food items (depending on the topic and kind of research neede for the topic) and secondary resources are second hand accounts think of it like chinese whispers, its just what someone thinks they have heard, so it could be froim TV shows, or other films/ plays/ works of art, poems, speeches, books, websites (again this depends on what you are researching and the type of research like humanities reasearch and scidence research if different. However, what i just mentioned applies to most things.Hope this helps peeps. Btw i just though that i should mention that this is from a 17 yros view so you don't have to highly qualified (university/ college graduate) to know this stuff.
I appreciate your comment in regards to this Ask Us FAQ entry. I'm writing to hopefully clarify things a bit because it is important that you understand these distinctions.
Primary sources, primary research
This is a good definition from http://primarysources.yale.edu: "Primary sources provide firsthand testimony or direct evidence concerning a research topic or question under investigation." So this can be something that documents an event or a phenomenon, created by persons or groups (like governmental bodies, businesses, organizations, etc.) who experienced and/or took part in the event or phenomenon. It can also document original scientific research, reporting the methods, procedures, results and conclusions of original (firsthand) experiments and observations.
Secondary sources, secondary research
Academically speaking, secondary sources aren't gossip or hearsay. They are sources that analyze, interpret, and comment on primary sources and/or other secondary sources. For example, a book about the structure and organization of the terrorist group ISIS that analyzes the group's own publications and communications (the group's own primary sources) to understand its internal structure and workings would be a secondary source. Also, a meta-analysis is a secondary source. Another example: A meta-analysis analyzes many primary research documents, examining the original research of other scientists who've done experiments in a certain subject area. The meta-analysis doesn't do any new research but looks at an existing body of original research to better understand what we know about the subject area from all the experiments done in that subject area.
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